Disinfection Systems

The term "disinfection" refers to the process of destroying or preventing the growth of disease carrying microorganisms like bacteria and cysts. There are several methods that can be used effectively for the disinfection of water, including chlorination, ultraviolet (UV), Pulsar Quantum Disinfection, and Pulsar Disrupter Electro-Adhesion. The new Pulsar processes are the most recent advancements in water treatment technology.

Compare the Technologies

Pulsar™ Ultraviolet Disinfection

UV, as it is often called, is also a physical method for the disinfection of water in that no chemicals are added. An ultraviolet light operates at 254 nanometers (nm) and, as water containing microorganisms passes by the UV light, their DNA is altered so that it cannot reproduce. Since these microorganisms cannot replicate, they are essentially dead. As mentioned, UV adds nothing to the water and while it does use power, it generally costs only about $30 a year to operate.

Advantages:

  1. Moderate initial cost
  2. No harmful chemicals added
  3. No disinfection byproducts

Disadvantages:

  1. Uses electricity
  2. Requires proper contact time
  3. Bulb contains mercury and must be disposed of properly
  4. When the power goes out, your plumbing system can be compromised with bacteria
  5. Controller (ballast) needs periodic replacement



US Water™ Disruptor Electro-Adhesion

The US Water™ Disruptor Filter is manufactured with Nano Alumina Fibers that have a Zeta potential of 51 millivolts. Many contaminants are actually "magnetically" removed from the water supply and "secured" in the Charged Filter. This is truly "disruptive technology.

Advantages:

  1. Low initial cost
  2. Removes bacteria, cysts, virus, as well as lead, Chromium 6, tannin, and other heavy metals
  3. Very little operational costs
  4. No electricity - works without power

Disadvantages:

  1. Algae and iron can plug it quickly



Chlorination

The disinfection water treatment of choice for many years, chlorine is starting to decline in popularity due to newer, better, and more economical methods. Chlorine and chloramine (a related chemical) are still the methods of choice for disinfecting water in most municipalities, but homeowners are often hesitant to use chlorination due to the sheer size of the system, the dangerous disinfection byproducts (such as trihalomethane) produced by chlorination, and the service required to keep the system operational. That said, sometimes chlorination is necessary, especially in surface water systems where the presence of algae needs to be addressed.

Advantages:

  1. Chemical disinfection is effective at killing bacteria
  2. Can measure the amount in the water
  3. Effective at killing algae

Disadvantages:

  1. Requires 20 to 30 minutes of contact time, so a large retention tank is needed
  2. Troublesome technology in that chlorine tends to crystallize and plug at the injection point
  3. Produces disinfection byproducts that are carcinogenic
  4. Corrosive to metals close to chlorine



All-in-all, Pulsar™ Quantum Disinfection and US Water™ Disrupter Electro-Adhesion are gaining traction as the methods of choice for the disinfection of water by consumers around the world. If you are not sure which water disinfection method is right for you, whether it be chlorination, ultraviolet, electro-adhesion, or quantum disinfection, call one of our Certified Water Specialists or Master Water Specialists at 800-608-8792 or e-mail us at support@uswatersystems.com. We will be glad to help!