Homes that have municipally-supplied or city water typically need less sophisticated water treatment than homes on well or surface water. Most municipalites provide bacteria-free water, so generally killing microorganisms and bacteria is not an issue. However, if you live in an area of the country where your city has "boil orders" due to water contaminantion, then you may want to consider some type of disinfection, such as ultraviolet.
Here are typical methods of treating city water:
- Whole House Cartridge Filters
- Used to filter our sand, silt, sediment and nusaince particulates. You can buy a filter at Lowes or Home Depot, but a US Water high flow filter, beats the big box stores hands down - better flow rates, better filters, better prices.
- Whole House Backwashing Carbon Filters
- These filters are used in applications where the water may be chlorinated and there may be come chemicals in the water, such as chlorine, chloramines, flouride, pesticides, herbicides and the like. Generally, people opt for these filters when the water is not extremely hard.
- Water Softeners
- Water softeners take out the hard minerals that form scale (calcium and magneisum) utilizing an ion-excahnge resin bed. No only does a water softener prevent scale, but it also saves up to 30% on water heating, 50% on soaps, detergents and cleansers, leaves dishes and silver spotless in the dishwasher, and extends the life of appliances and clothing
- Hybrid Water Softeners
- Hybrid Water Softeners are part backwashing carbon filter and part water softener. They soften the water while removing or reducing the chemicals and chlorine.
- Undersink Filters
- An undersink carbon filter can remove many chemical, chlorine and pesticides but also leaves the minerals in the water. Some people want the minerals to be left in their water and an undersink filter is the best way to day that.
- Reverse Osmosis Systems
- A reverse osmosis system removes the largest spectrum of contaminants of any water treatment system for just a couple of pennies a gallon. Some people are concerned with the minerals being removed from the water, but water is not a substantial source of minerals. You get your minerals from food and supplements - what you should consider is the fact that you remove a wider spectrum of contaminants with reverse osmosis than any other process, and if you want to re-mineralize, we can easily do that as well.
- Saltless Water Conditioners
- If you don't want to tote salt or just want to be green (saltless water conditioners may not be as geen as you think), you can go salt-free. They prevent scale, no more, no less! Maybe you have read that some some companies have "saltless" water softeners. If you believe that, we have a bridge...
- Ultraviolet Disinfection
- Most cities do a good job of killing the bacteria in the water, but if you live in an area where there are "boil orders" or you just want the peace-of-mind in knowing that your water is pure, then ultraviolet disinfection (UV) is the solution of choice.