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Question:Hi. I have well water. The TDS in the tap water is 700. I have a 3 stage RO system. Number 1 is the sediment filter. Number 2 is the TFC membrane. Number 3 is the carbon post filter. I have added a permeate pump. The water coming out of the RO is 200 ppm. Is this too high? Is there anything else that I can add to the system to reduce the ppm even more? Thanks in advance, PaulAnswer:
I have a permeate pump RO in my house and you are seeing what is called "TDS Creep." Permeate pump RO systems have trouble with “TDS Creep” because they respond to the smallest pressure change in the distribution system. When a slight amount of water is used the permeate pump system will start processing water. If the amount of water being used is small; such as a cup of water; the system doesn’t run very long to replenish the water used.
Short system run times like this causes TDS creep because the system doesn’t run long enough to compress the membrane and create quality water. The membrane needs full pressure to compress and give the best quality water. Full pressure will not be present when small amounts of water are used. It is best to use the tank contents daily to ensure the TDS creep will not be a problem. There’s nothing worse than a large storage tank of water that is only used to fill a 32 oz. glass 1-2 a week. After a few weeks the water quality in the tank will be very poor. In regards to a permeate pump RO, it is better to size the RO tank to make sure it will be used within 1-3 days.
A standard system with an automatic shutoff valve (ASO) is used water can be dispensed until the distribution system pressure falls below 65% of the incoming line pressure. The system will then start to run and will run for a long period to replenish the tank and the distribution system pressure. Since the run time is longer TDS creep is not likely.
A permeate pump RO is wonderful for increased pressure, especially if you have a fridge with an icemaker and/or water dispenser. In my case, that is why I have it. However, I simply drain my tank once a week and all is well. In your case, drain the RO a couple of times and then test the TDS. It should be below 100 ppm!